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What is Amphetamine?

Amphetamine and its metabolites are central nervous system stimulants whose pharmacological properties include alertness, wakefulness, increased energy, reduced hunger and an overall feeling of well-being. Amphetamine was first marketed in the 1930s as Benzedrine® in an over-the-counter inhaler to treat nasal congestion. By 1937 amphetamine was available by prescription in tablet form and was used in the treatment of the sleeping disorder,narcolepsy, and ADHD. Large doses and extended usage can result in higher tolerance levels and physiological dependency. Both D and L forms of amphetamine are controlled substances. Urine based screening tests for drugs of abuse range from complex analytical procedures to simple immunoassay tests. The sensitivity and rapidity of the immunoassays have made them the most accepted method of preliminary screening for drugs of abuse in urine. This allows the laboratory to eliminate the large number of negative specimens and focus on the smaller number of initially positive specimens.

What is the effect of Amphetamine?
The effects of amphetamines and methamphetamine are similar to cocaine, but their onset is slower and their duration is longer. In contrast to cocaine, which is quickly removed from the brain and is almost completely metabolized, methamphetamine remains in the central nervous system longer, and a larger percentage of the drug remains unchanged in the body, producing prolonged stimulant effects. Chronic abuse produces a psychosis that resembles schizophrenia and is characterized by: Paranoia, picking at the skin, preoccupation with one’s own thoughts, and auditory and visual hallucinations. Violent and erratic behavior is frequently seen among chronic abusers of amphetamines and methamphetamine. Effects on the body include: Increased blood pressure and pulse rates, insomnia, loss of appetite, and physical exhaustion.

About Our Test
The Amphetamine test is a one step competitive immunoassay that is used to screen for the presence of amphetamine in urine. It is a chromatographic absorbent device in which drug or drug metabolites in a sample compete with drug conjugate immobilized on a porous membrane for a limited number of binding sites. This test is a rapid, qualitative immunoassay for the detection of amphetamine in urine. The cutoff concentration for this test is 1000 ng/ml, as recommended by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (NIDA).

Street Slang Names For Amphetamine
For a complete list of slang terms for drug and drug activity you can download the following file, drug terms (175K), complements of ONDCP Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse.You will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader Software to view this file.

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  • Amphetamine
  • Chalk - methamphetamine; amphetamine
  • Bennie - amphetamine
  • Snow seals - cocaine and amphetamine
  • Benzedrine - amphetamine
  • B-bombs - amphetamines
  • Amp - amphetamine